文章摘要
张灵科,刘 毅.民族文化资本对民族地区经济增长的非线性影响[J].民族学刊,2019,10(3):29-35, 109-111
民族文化资本对民族地区经济增长的非线性影响
The Nonlinear Influence of Ethnic Cultural Capital on Economic Growth in Ethnic Areas
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2019.03.05
中文关键词: 民族文化资本  民族地区  经济增长  门限效应
英文关键词: ethnic cultural capital  ethnic region  economic growth  threshold effect
基金项目:
作者单位
张灵科 四川大学经济学院 
刘 毅 西南民族大学管理学院 
摘要点击次数: 53
全文下载次数: 68
中文摘要:
      文化是经济增长的重要源泉。借助1997-2016年我国少数民族地区相关数据,本文实证分析了民族文化资本对民族地区经济增长的非线性影响。结果显示,民族地区文化资本对经济增长不仅具有显著的促进作用,而且呈现非线性影响;文化资本对民族地区经济增长的影响受到经济发展水平、人均文化事业费以及人均受教育年限的影响;人均地区生产总值、人均文化事业经费越高,人均受教育年限越高,则文化资本对经济增长的贡献度越大;此外,物质资本依然是推动民族地区经济发展的关键所在,提高第二产业比重和增加公路运营里程均能显著促进民族地区经济增长。基于此,本文提出应加强对民族文化的保护、传承和开发,加大教育投入,提高民族地区人均受教育年限等的投资。
英文摘要:
      This article presents a research on the relationship between ethnic cultures and the economic development of ethnic minority regions. The targets of this research are the five ethnic autonomous regions of China, namely, the Tibet Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and other provinces where ethnic minorities occupy a large proportion of the population, for example, Yunnan, Qinghai, and Guizhou. This paper regards the per capita outlay for cultural undertakings as the proxy variable of ethnic cultural capital, and regards per capita Gross Regional Product (GRP) as the proxy variable of economic growth in ethnic minority regions. Using this panel of data, this paper provides an empirical analysis of the influence of ethnic cultural capital on the economic growth in ethnic minority regions from 1997 to 2016. The research shows that ethnic cultural capital contributes significantly to the economic growth in ethnic regions. Moreover, the influence of ethic cultural capital on economic grouth is nonlinear. A 10% increase in ethnic cultural capital leads to a 2.22% increase in per capita GRP. Material capital is still an important power for the economic growth in ethnic regions, and a 10% increase in material capital brings a 4.907% increase in per capita GRP. The improvement of the level of human capital also contributes to the economic growth in ethnic regions, and 1-year increase in average number of years of education brings a 3.97% increase in per capita GRP. And, an increase in the proportion of value-added to secondary industries to GRP can greatly boost the economic growth in ethnic regions, and, finally, the improvement of the highway transportation system can also contribute to the economic growth in ethnic regions. Ethnic cultural capital can bring a remarkable promotion to economic growth, but is this promotion stable? This question is worthy of study. This paper analyzes the non-linear influence of ethnic culture capital on economic growth from the perspectives of the level of economic development, average level of education and cultural capital. The result shows that the influence of ethnic culture capital on the economic growth in ethnic regions is definitely non-linear. The higher the per capita GRP, the greater ethnic cultural capital contributes to economic growth. The influence of ethnic culture capital on the economic growth is also affected by the per capita outlay for cultural undertakings and the average years of education. The larger the per capita outlay, the more cultural capital contributes to economic growth; the more the average years of education, the greater the contribution cultural capital makes to economic growth. Based on the result of empirical research, this article offers suggestions to facilitate the economic development in ethnic minority regions as follows: Firstly, the government should increase the investment for cultural undertakings, and enhance the protection, transmission and development of ethnic culture. Ethnic cultural capital makes a remarkable contribution to the economic growth in ethnic minority regions, and the higher the level of cultural capital, the greater the contribution it makes. Hence, increasing investment for cultural undertakings helps to promote the per capita GRP in ethnic minority regions, and also helps to improve the living standards there. It can also provide strong support to win the tough battle of poverty alleviation. In addition, the government should not only pay attention to the transmission and protection of the cultural capital of every ethnic group, but also to the absorption, fusion and innovation of foreign culture, so as to promote the openness and inclusiveness of ethnic cultures. Secondly, the government should increase investment for education, promote increasing the average number of years of education in ethnic minority regions, and attach importance to the cultivation of high-quality talents. Human resources are an important “intelligence” source for economic growth, and education is essential to human resource development. The longer the average number of years of education is, the greater the contribution ethnic cultural capital brings to the economic growth. Because the average number of years of education in ethnic minority regions is still low, the central government should increase investment for education in these regions, broaden investment and financing channels to lead private capital into the education industry and achieve free secondary education in stages and by regions. In addition, ethnic minority regions need more institutions of higher education so as to continually increase the proportion of ethnic minority people who receive higher education. Thirdly, the government should increase the investment for road construction, and provide more convenient transportation. At present, among those factors that influence the economic growth in ethnic minority regions, the convenience of transportation still plays an important role. The increase of highway mileage has especially greatly boosted the economic growth in these regions. The special geographical location of ethnic minority regions makes road transportation more advantageous with regard to the mobility of goods and labor. Therefore, the government should increase the investment for road construction in ethnic minority regions, improve the transportation accessibility of these regions, and expand the coverage of ethnic cultural capital both internally and externally.
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