文章摘要
杨翰卿,王 曾.论壮族先民思想观念的儒学渊源及《传扬歌》与儒家思想的一致性[J].民族学刊,2019,10(3):44-49, 115-116
论壮族先民思想观念的儒学渊源及《传扬歌》与儒家思想的一致性
On the Confucian Origins of the Ideology of the Ancient Zhuang and the Conformity between the Preaching Song and Confucian Thought
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2019.03.07
中文关键词: 壮族  儒学  宋明理学  《传扬歌》
英文关键词: the Zhuang  Confucianism  Neo-Confucianism of the Song and Ming dynasties  The Preaching Song
基金项目:
作者单位
杨翰卿 西南民族大学马克思主义学院 
王 曾 西南民族大学马克思主义学院 
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中文摘要:
      作为壮族传统文化重要组成部分的儒学,曾以古文经学为特色的儒家经学形式活跃兴盛于壮族先民地区,以董仲舒之学和以“统合儒释”为思想内容的汉唐儒学传播影响于壮族先民地区,以程朱陆王为主体的宋明理学浸润渗透于壮族先民地区,同时集中表现在壮族伦理道德长诗《传扬歌》与儒家思想的一致性。这是我国历史上壮族先民在精神文化上能够获得较大发展的重要条件和可资总结弘扬的思想经验。
英文摘要:
      Confucian concepts and their influence permeated the ideology and cultural development of the ancient Zhuang. These concepts flourished in the areas of the ancient Zhuang initially via the study of the Confucian classics characterized by the ancient texts (i.e. gu wen jingxue or the classics written before Qin Shihuangdi, the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, who unified China). The concepts were further disseminated in and had influence on the areas of the ancient Zhuang via the Confucianism from the Han and Tang Dynasties which took the philosophy of Dong Zhongshu and “the integration of Confucianism and Buddhism” as its ideological content. Confucianism further penetrated into the areas of the ancient Zhuang via the Neo-Confucianism of the Song and Ming dynasties which was represented by the Cheng Brothers (Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi), Zhu Xi, Lu Jiuyuan and Wang Yangming. Therefore, the Confucian classics, Confucianism of the Han and Tang periods, Neo-Confucianism of the Song and Ming periods formulated the conceptual origins of the Confucianism of the ancient Zhuang to various degrees and in certain ways. The presence of Confucianism was strongly reflected in the prosperity of the official educational academies and the appearance of large numbers of scholars and local officials in this area. At the same time, it could also be observed that many segments in the Zhuang’s lengthy ethical poem, chuang yang ge (Preaching Song) or chuang yang shi (Preaching Poem) reflect the integration of Confucianism and ancient Zhuang thought and its conformity with it. This was an important premise for the ancient Zhuang to make great achievements within the spiritual civilization of their history and provided significant ideological experience that should be summarized and promoted. The Zhuang people love singing, and enjoy the reputation of having “an ocean of songs”. The ethical and moral concepts of the ancient Zhuang are reflected in their long poem, the Preaching Song. Both the core and main characteristics of Zhuang’s moral concepts found in the Preaching Song reflect its deep integration and conformity with Confucianism. It could even be regarded as the universal application and practice of Confucian ethics in the social life of Zhuang people. The Preaching Song is a virtual portrayal of the ethical life of the Zhuang people, and a summary of their experiences. It demonstrates the application and practice of Confucian ethics and morality within the lives of the ancient Zhuang. For example, the concepts of “loyalty and filial piety”, “harmony and respect” and “destiny” deeply reflect the profound and comprehensive recognition, and absorption and integration of Confucian ethics and morality by the ancient Zhuang. The ethical and moral concepts of Confucianism or Neo-Confucianism have been interpreted, expressed and integrated into the social life of the Zhuang in the forms of poetry of the ancient Zhuang, like Preaching Song, and these songs were particularly meaningful for expanding and popularizing the Confucian ideological concepts and social lives of the ethnic minorities in China. The Preaching Song belongs to an empirical way of thinking or analogical reasoning, and cannot yet be mentioned in the same breath with the theoretical thinking or profound and detailed logical speculations of the real Confucian scholars, especially those of Neo-Confucianism. Spreading among the ancient Zhuang, the progressive nature, comparative significance and popular characteristics of the Preaching Song’s ethnic spirit have demonstrated or determined the orientation of their way of thinking and are a cultural benchmark of this kind of ethnic literature and art form. The formation and development of the concepts of the Zhuang people show a long historical relationship with Confucianism. One of the most concentrated manifestations of Confucianism within the cultural consciousness of the ancient Zhuang is reflected in the Preaching Song, this long poem of ethics and morality. Such ethical cultural resources and patterns, if judged from the perspective of the development of the civilization and culture of the ancient Zhuang in Chinese history, they reflect that they have always held an attitude of acceptance, advocacy, praise and absorption of Confucian culture. Instead of rejecting a heterogeneous ideological culture, the ancient Zhuang actively absorbed it, and even transformed and recreated it. This is an important condition for the ancient Zhuang to achieve great development in their spiritual culture and ideological experiences that can be summarized and promoted in history.
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