文章摘要
赵双喜.儒家文化与少数民族传统社会及其文化的关系——以粤北壮族社会为例[J].民族学刊,2019,10(3):50-59, 117-119
儒家文化与少数民族传统社会及其文化的关系——以粤北壮族社会为例
The Relationship between Confucian Culture and theTraditional Society and Culture of Ethnic Minorities — Taking the Zhuang of Northern Guangdong as a Case Study
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2019.03.08
中文关键词: 儒家文化  壮族社会  粤北壮族  传统文化
英文关键词: Confucianism  Zhuang society  Northern Guangdong  traditional culture
基金项目:
作者单位
赵双喜 广东省民族宗教研究院 
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中文摘要:
      儒家文化在粤北壮族地区的传播,正是儒家文化对壮民族传统文化产生影响的过程。这种影响首先是通过历任地方官的倡导来体现,其次历任政府重视官学与书院的建设为儒家文化的传播提供了场所,而汉壮杂居、通婚则为儒家文化的传播提供了途径。儒家文化对当地的影响体现在文化教育和民风民俗两个方面,同时,壮族文化也给汉文化以及周边文化带来了一定影响。
英文摘要:
      Lianshan, located in the Mengzhu Mountain range, and one of the Five Ridges, at the junction of Guangdong, Hunan, and Guangxi provinces (districts), was a relatively closed environment for a long time due to its special geographical location. This enabled the Zhuang, the main ethnic group there, to retain its original features. However, because Emperor Wu of Han dynasty attached exclusive respect to Confucianism, Confucian culture began to spread in all directions exerting a strong influence. The wave of in-migration that took place during the Ming and Qing dynasties especially provided a medium for the rapid spread of Confucian culture in Lianshan. The Lianshan area experienced intensive in-migration during the period of Hongwu in the Ming dynasty. Under strong pressure from the rulers, and although there was no wave of migrants such as “Huguang migrants to Sichuan” and “Jiangxi migrants to Huguang” in the Lianshan area, the population reached a historical peak during the Qing Jiaqing period. Some of these migrants had been forced to flee to Lianshan in order to avoid war. Some went because the government set up military settlements; and others fled the overcrowded conditions in their living space which had resulted from the rapid expansion of population. The new policy of migration to open up wasteland areas issued by the central court of the Hongwu period in the Ming dynasty also prompted a large number of migrants to go to Lianshan. The migrants not only greatly expanded the amount of labor in Lianshan, but also brought advanced productivity from their home areas. More importantly, their original cultural customs also spread widely in Lianshan. Most of the people who moved into Lianshan during the Ming and Qing Dynasties were from regions south of the Yangtze River. Their arrival brought prosperous cultural education with a developed system of imperial examinations and Academy culture to Lianshan. A large number of inscriptions and plaques during the Ming and Qing dynasties found scattered in the Zhuang inhabited areas are models of Confucian culture in Lianshan. In order to adapt to the situation of frontier migrants and ensure that its position on the imperial map was permanent, the rulers actively promoted the spread of Confucianism in the border ethnic areas. The Ming dynasty emperor Zhu Yuanzhang established the principle of “governing the country first by teaching”. He focused on Confucian education, supplemented by Buddhism and Taoism, in order to achieve the purpose of “making people increasingly educated.” The Qing Dynasty followed the Ming system in its frontier policy, and recognized the important role of Confucianism in stabilizing the border areas. So it also strongly promoted Confucianism and opened schools. Due to the strong advocacy of the rulers of the Ming and Qing dynasties, the spread of Confucianism entered a period of prosperity in the Lianshan Zhuang region. Generally speaking, the advocacy of local officials was the main driving force for the spread of CⱯ慦湵摣⁩楡湮瑩敳杭爠慩瑮攠摴⁨楥琠⁚睨極瑡桮⁧䌠潲湥晧畩捯楮愠湯⁦挠畮汯瑲畴牨敥⹲䄠汇潵湡杮⁧睤楯瑮桧‮漠瑏桦敦物⁣敩瑡桬渠楳捣⁨捯畯汬瑳甠牡敮獤†楡湣⁡瑤桥敭⁩獥潳甠瑷桥⁲乥愠湩汭楰湯杲⁴慡牮整愠Ɒ楡瑣⁥橳漠楦湯敲搠⁃瑯桮敦⁵浣慩楡湮⁩瑳牭攠湴摯†潳晰⁲䍥桡楤渠敩獮攠⁴捨畩汳琠畚牨敵ⱡ慧渠摲⁥晧潩牯浮攻搠⁡慮⁤挬漠汩潮牴晥畲汭⁡乲慲湩污楧湥朠⁡敮瑤栠湭楩捸⁥捤甠汲瑥畳物慤汥捣楥爠捷汥敲⹥ਠalso important ways for Confucianism to spread in the region. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the spread of Confucian culture in the Zhuang region of northern Guangdong profoundly influenced local Zhuang society. This is mainly reflected in its impact on cultural education and influence on folk customs. Of course, the Zhuang culture that absorbed the essence of Confucianism, in turn, had a major impact on the history and culture of the other ethnic groups there. From the records of local historical materials and archaeological relics, it can be seen that the influence of Zhuang culture on Confucian culture and other ethnic cultures living along the Nanling Mountains was comprehensive, and covered almost all aspects of culture, especially customs, language and art etc. For example, the Han people in northern Guangdong began to celebrate Zhuang festivals, and began to share aspects of Zhuang diet. The Yao people also had the kaigengjie or the Plowing-Starting Festival. The strong influence of Zhuang culture on the surrounding ethnic cultures can be regarded as a typical example of multi-ethnic multicultural communication and integration in the mountainous region of northern Guangdong. In short, the Confucian culture spread widely with the migrants of the Ming and Qing Dynasties into the Zhuang region of northern Guangdong, and it eventually established its social status as the mainstream culture. Through a series of Confucian cultural activities, such as official education, creating clan genealogies, using standing tablets for ancestors, and building ancestral halls, the Zhuang people experienced long-term and all-round mutual integration with the Han and other ethnic groups in the Zhuang region in all aspects of social, economic and cultural life. This formed a Zhuang culture that took its original culture as the core
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